Priya Satia specializes in modern British and British empire history, especially in the Middle East and South Asia. Prof. Satia uses the methods of. of Indian History". Priya Satia. "Byron, Gandhi, and the Thompsons The Making of British Social History and Unmaking of Indian History," History Workshop Journal 81 Spring. We have compiled for you a list of IAS books for Indian History. These are the best reference books for handling the History portion in the IAS exam. Books on Indian History can be helpful as Optional subject also for General Studies paper in the Mains exam. It can also be referred for conceptual clarity in the Prelims exam. Our references on History books can also be helpful in the preparation for other services exam conducted by the UPSC.
Mar 3, 2011. In 1858, British Crown rule was established in India, ending a century of control by the East India Company. The life and death struggle that preceded this formalisation of British control lasted nearly two years, cost £36 million, and is variously referred to as the 'Great Rebellion', the 'Indian Mutiny' or the. This paper attempts to bring out the role of women in a situation when even the best of efforts failed to bear fruit,in their efforts to raise themselves from a position of neglect and disrepute to which history had relegated them. Indeed between 17, when imperial rule was at its peak in India and the sparks of protest against colonial domination had started smouldering, the role of women has to be documented. In a male dominated socio-political discourse, thatwomen like Rani Laxmibai, Pandita Rama Bai, Savitribai Phule, Tarabai Shinde, Anandibai Joshi, Sarojini Naidu and Annie Besant could become dominant players, is no mean achievement. However the prominence of a few well known figures is a poor index of judgment to show the extent to which even the common women were involved in transcending the barriers to lift the self from the downtrodden state to which posterity had pushed them into. The research leads us on to changes that were forged on the anvil of socio¬religious reform movement that was taking place in the 19th century. While the socio¬religious reform movement had wider implications, women specific issues formed the backbone of these efforts marking the onset of a new wave of consciousness that started permeating the society as a whole. Efforts at reform during this period not only yielded immediate results in terms of improving women's position both socially as well as legally but they also produced long term results in terms of opening up more avenues for greater women role in shaping anti-colonial stance of 19th century. The 19th century phenomenon opened up a whole new world for women in the 20thcentury ultimately enabling ‘Gandhian mobilisation’ of women power in the nationalist struggle.
Jul 1, 2013. Indian Independence and Struggle for Freedom, the Impact and Aftermath of Partiton of India and Current scenario of India. Eastern Bengal and Assam would have 18 million Muslims and 12 million Hindus. Viceroy Curzon’s division of the large province of Bengal was announced in July 1905. Western Bengal would have 42 million Hindus to 9 million Muslims, but those speaking Bengali were outnumbered by the Biharis and Oriyas. The secret motivation of Lord Curzon seems to have been to divide the Bengali movement that he considered seditious. This technique of divide and rule increased the conflicts between Hindus and Muslims in Bengal. The plan was approved by the Secretary of State without consulting the Parliament. The Bengal Legislative Council strongly denounced the plan on July 8, and the Indian press in Bengal and other provinces condemned the proposal. Curzon won over Dacca nawab Salimullah with a low-interest loan and with the prospect of Dacca becoming the new capital.
Figures in the history of India, Mohandas K. Gandhi, also known as the Mahatma, or "The Great Soul", was the spiritual and practical founder of active. As we continue to remember his blessings, Gandhi will be known as a leader of the successful freedom struggle and a representative of the highest level of thinking in the. India’s struggle for independence was actively shaped, influenced and nurtured by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Reverentially worshipped as Mahatma and respectfully adored as ‘Father of the Nation’ from 1920 to 1947 for a period of nearly three decades. During this momentous period of our history, Gandhi was undoubtedly the undisputed leader of millions of freedom loving Indians. He strode like an unrivalled colossus transforming the freedom movement to a broad-based mass movement by his policy of non-violence based non-cooperation and civil disobedience movement, and finally, his slogan ‘Do or Die’ inspired the Quit India movement. A critical examination of the strategy adopted by him reveals that it was ‘Struggle-Truce-Struggle’ as coined by Bipan Chandra. In between the phases of struggle-truce-struggle, Gandhi invented the constructive activity programme of eradication of untouchability, Hindu-Muslim unity, promotion of Khadi and village reconstruction to channelize the energies of the multitude of Indians by carrying on peaceful and continuous agitation of all-round mobilization of superstition ridden, illiterate, and ignorant masses about the need of self-help and self-reliance by precept and practice. Gandhi had justifiably become an icon of the 20th century to many Indians and non-Indian protagonists and time is not far off, when he is going to be another avatar of God. Anil Seal, a Cambridge historian and an uncharitable critic of Gandhi observes, “Gandhi’s own brand of social conservatism, which sought change through personal reformation rather than popular revolution, his project to uplift the Harijans while keeping them within the Hindu straight jacket, the very cause of their degradations, his desire to take India back to its traditional and rural roots, with support from many captains of industry, his commitment to harmony between the Hindus and the Muslims while stressing Hinduism as a distinctive force, and his hopes, through Satyagraha, of curbing the violence which lies just under the fragile crust of order in Indian society, all suggest that Gandhi’s contribution has been as ambiguous as India’s chequered past and its uncertain future”.
This essay on Indian independence movement contains Indian independence history and Freedom struggle of India. the tenants have organized themselves into a body, and resolved not to pay any more rent until they can be redressed of their grievances. That summer the tenants resolved: "We will take up the ball of the Revolution where our fathers stopped it and roll it to the final consummation of freedom and independence of the masses." Certain men in the farm country became leaders and organizers: Smith Boughton, a country doctor on horseback; Ainge Devyr, a revolutionary Irishman. The economic crisis of 1837 had filled the area with unemployed seeking land, on top of the layoffs accompanying the completion of the Erie Canal, after the first wave of railroad building ended. The tenants now assume the right of doing to their landlord as he has for a long time done with them, viz: as they please. The landowner, as one sympathizer of the tenants put it, could "swill his wine, loll on his cushions, fill his life with society, food, and culture, and ride his barouche and five saddle horses along the beautiful river valley and up to the backdrop of the mountain." By the summer of 1839, the tenants were holding their first mass meeting. The largest manor was owned by the Rensselaer family, which ruled over about eighty thousand tenants and had accumulated a fortune of $41 million. It was a protest against the patroonship system, which went back to the 1600s when the Dutch ruled New York, a system where (as Christman describes it) "a few families, intricately intermarried, controlled the destinies of three hundred thousand people and ruled in almost kingly splendor near two million acres of land." The tenants paid taxes and rents. This was the start of the Anti-Renter movement in the Hudson Valley, described by Henry Christman in Tin Horns and Calico. The sheriff and his posse turned back, the rear guard parting to let them through. When a deputy arrived in the farming area with writs demanding the rent, farmers suddenly appeared, assembled by the blowing of tin horns. That December, a sheriff and a mounted posse of five hundred rode into the farm country, but found themselves in the midst of shrieking tin horns, eighteen hundred farmers blocking their path, six hundred more blocking their rear, all mounted, armed with pitchforks and clubs.
The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule 1757–1857 and the British Indian Empire 1857–1947 in the Indian subcontinent. The movement spanned a total of 90 years 1857–1947. The first organised militant movements were in Bengal, but they. This article is about the rule of the British Crown from 1858 to 1947 over the Indian subcontinent. For the previous rule of the East India Company which existed from 1757 to 1858, see Company rule in India. For other uses of "British Rule", see British Rule (disambiguation). The region under British control was commonly called India in contemporaneous usage, and included areas directly administered by the United Kingdom, which were collectively called British India, and those ruled by indigenous rulers, but under British tutelage or paramountcy, and called the princely states. The de facto political amalgamation was also called the Indian Empire and after 1876 issued passports under that name.
Other instructive insights in this phase of the Portuguese imperial history, there is sufficient evidence adduced to. Essays in Modern Indian History covers various facets of the Indian national movement, such as the rise and. peripheral importance to the study of India's freedom struggle. K. S. Singh, in particular, does well. , subaltern historians and postcolonial scholars have brought to our attention the need to question the generally assumed universality of Western categories in framing the histories of the rest of the world.1 The exclusive deployment of Western concepts to explain historical development in India and other non-Western countries, they say, not only has marginalized indigenous systems of knowledge and practices, but has also resulted in the histories of these countries being presented in negative terms as a deviation from the universal trajectories of capital, democracy, and liberalism, which are themselves grounded in particular historical experiences of the West. Thus, as Dipesh Chakrabarty, among others, has argued, most scholars trained in this intellectual tradition have characterized India as “not modern” or “not bourgeois” or “not liberal.” The new intellectual sensitivity toward non-Western systems...
Of the people;2 in Calcutta, as Sekhar Bandyopadhyay observes in his essay below. 3 Faiz Ahmed Faiz, 'Freedom's Dawn August 1947', quoted in Sugata Bose and Ayeshya Jalal, Modern South Asia. 4 R. C. Majumdar, H. C. Raychaudhuri and Kalikinkar Datta, An Advanced History Of India 3rd ed. London and. , was the winning response to an essay contest conducted by the Academy of Dijon in 1750. In this work, Rousseau argues that the progression of the sciences and arts has caused the corruption of virtue and morality. This discourse won Rousseau fame and recognition, and it laid much of the philosophical groundwork for a second, longer work, . The second discourse did not win the Academy’s prize, but like the first, it was widely read and further solidified Rousseau’s place as a significant intellectual figure. The central claim of the work is that human beings are basically good by nature, but were corrupted by the complex historical events that resulted in present day civil society.
Modern India. Notes. 63. Indian Culture and Heritage Secondary Course. MODULE - II. History and. Culture through the Ages. 5. MODERN INDIA. T he history of our country can safely. took advantage of this situation and had one ruler fight against the other or supported a. Write an essay on India's struggle for freedom. Role of Women in India’s Struggle for Freedom Introduction The history of Indian Freedom Struggle would be incomplete without mentioning the contributions of women. The sacrifice made by the women of India will occupy the foremost place. They fought with true spirit and undaunted courage and faced various tortures, exploitations and hardships to earn us freedom. When most of the men freedom fighters were in prison the women came forward and took charge of the struggle. The list of great women whose names have gone down in history for their dedication and undying devotion to the service of India is a long one.
Jan 4, 2018. Focusing its discussion on India's recent history, this article echoes Chakrabarty's insistence that any discussion of the modern political subject in this. Avijit's struggle with India's imperfect azaadi freedom, where the class, caste, and gender inequalities of colonial society persist, is experienced as highly. There was a heartfelt beginning to the freedom struggle. Men who are known for their peaceful methods such as Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Aurobindo, Rabindranath Tagore and many others started spreading the word to the people that everyone must be passionate about gaining freedom. When news of World War I broke out, the British declared that Indians would be fighting for them against Germany. When the war came to an end, the British imposed stricter legislation in India to curb those people they felt were political extremists. To make up for the expenses incurred during the war, the British imposed higher taxes on Indians and even disrupted trade. Indian soldiers in the meantime smuggled arms into India to overthrow the British. While all hope was diminishing, emerged a man whom the country began to revere, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi became the undisputed leader of the freedom struggle. Gandhi was a leader in South Africa during the anti-apartheid movement.
Archive of all articles by Mrunal on India History, Culture, Freedom struggle and World History for UPSC civil service IAS IPS exam & other competitive exam. Any society consists of diverse and different types of persons; persons with different religions, different castes, different colors, different gender and different faiths etc. And it is expected that they all should live in harmony and without discrimination; ideal situation is when there is equality, freedom and brotherhood among all sections of society. However, human society all over the world shows that various types of exploitative practices are prevalent there; these practices originated due to human greed for power, authority and superiority; such as so-called higher caste people would exploit so-called lower caste persons; a white would exploit a black; males would like to dominate females; believer of one religion would downgrade other religions etc. These discriminatory and exploitative practices take the form of social evils in the long run and become a scar on the face of any civilized society. Every country, in its history, has had numerous bright individuals who would live and work for the progress and upliftment of the downtrodden persons in the society; and due to their efforts, it became possible to abolish several extreme social evils such as racism, sati pratha etc.
Jan 20, 2014. In ancient times, people from all over the world were keen to come to India. The Aryans came from Central Europe and settled down in Persians followed by the Iranians and Parsis immigrated to India. Then came the Moghuls and they too settled down permanently in India. Chengis Khan, the. Following are the topics on which our followers have written (and writing essays) every Sunday to hone their essay writing skills. The topics are chosen based on UPSC previous year topics. Writing one essay on each Sunday will help you get better marks in this paper.