# Efficient energy use - Wikipedia

## Does Electricity Move Better through Thick Wires or Thin Ones.

Create a hypothesis, your best guess about what is going to happen. Will a circuit with thicker wire work better than one with thinner wire? Get your batteries set up on a flat surface. One battery will get thin wire, and the other will get thicker wire. To install your wires, cut two pieces of straw that are the same length as the. In this article a hypothesis test is performed for current consumption (KWh) in a household electricity meter for one year (365 days). Initially in the hypothesis testing, the population to be surveyed is obtained from the sample size calculation (n). Then the data is collected according to this population. Now the collected data are to be statistically test to the likelihood of obtaining sample outcomes if the null hypothesis is true. The tested results are to be compared with the null hypothesis, if it satisfies the condition the existing system is good otherwise an alternate approach is given. The economical current consumption is considered as 7KWh (H0). But the interpreted value goes beyond the null hypothesis hence rejecting the null hypothesis and follows an alternate hypothesis. We can use LED bulbs instead of incandescent bulbs and prefer to use 5 star rated power saving electric components such as refrigerator, air conditioner, etc.

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## Science Fair Project Brick

Mar 31, 2016. 1 UNIT = 1000 WATT Hr. 1. This is how Electricity is measured. The energy transforms into different forms. So, why not we convert its equivalent amount to what is required for the survival of human beings. This is where the hypothesis has started. i.e. kilo watt hour in to Calories. 1 WATT Hr = 3600. Steam is water in the gas phase, which is formed when water boils. Steam is invisible; however, "steam" often refers to wet steam, the visible mist or aerosol of water droplets formed as this water vapour condenses. At lower pressures, such as in the upper atmosphere or at the top of high mountains, water boils at a lower temperature than the nominal 100 °C (212 °F) at standard pressure. The enthalpy of vaporization is the energy required to turn water into the gaseous form when it increases in volume by 1,700 times at standard temperature and pressure; this change in volume can be converted into mechanical work by steam engines such as reciprocating piston type engines and steam turbines, which are a sub-group of steam engines. Piston type steam engines played a central role to the Industrial Revolution and modern steam turbines are used to generate more than 80% of the world's electricity. If liquid water comes in contact with a very hot surface or depressurizes quickly below its vapor pressure, it can create a steam explosion.

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## Kite Experiment – Benjamin Franklin Historical Society

Med Hypotheses. 2004;621124-9. A hypothesis on the role of the electrical charge of haemoglobin in regulating the erythrocyte shape. Wong P1. Author information 1Department of Oncology, McGill University, 546 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Que, Canada H2W 1S6. pierre.wong@ A previously proposed. Lightning is a natural electrical discharge—but scientists are still scratching their heads trying to figure out what triggers it. Renowned Russian physicist Alexandr Gurevich tells Katia Moskvitch about his theory, which really is out of this world What don't we know about lightning? The main problem is that we don't know how a thundercloud gets the spark needed to initiate a lightning bolt. The biggest mystery is that the electric field in thunderclouds is not very large. Years of experimental measurements from aeroplanes and air balloons have shown that the field is about 10 times smaller than what is needed to initiate lightning. It is not clear how a lightning bolt is born, but the idea is that something has to "seed" it first. In 1749 Benjamin Franklin discovered that lightning was an electrical discharge between a thundercloud and Earth. We know that thunderstorms can generate over 100 million volts of electricity, but we also know that this gets applied across a really large space—hundreds of metres. So the resulting electric field, or concentration of electric force, is not actually very big.

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## Ball lightning - Wikipedia

Hypothesis If plastic, aluminum, copper, rubber, and wood were tested to see what material conducts the most electricity, then copper would conduct the most electricity because it is commonly used in lampposts. My first, second and third posts on the Ontario electricity sector described how policy and administrative decisions by different Liberal Governments gave rise to excess electricity generation with an inflated cost structure, leading to higher electricity prices. In anticipation of June 2018 elections, the Liberal Government recently implemented a costly and first-in-Canada financial scheme to fund its “Fair Hydro Plan” (FHP) to provide a short-term 17% price reduction. Given that the FHP is now a financial reality, this post focusses on the options available to a new Government with respect to both the FHP and the main driver of Ontario’s inflated cost structure, long-term contracts with independent power producers (IPPs). Matter #1: What to do about the FHP Ontario consumers received an across-the-board 25% reduction in electricity prices in July, consisting of 17% from the deferral of certain Global Adjustment (GA) costs and 8% from the rebate of the provincial portion of the HST. With respect to the former, Figure 1 updates my earlier analysis with publicly-available data from Ontario’s Financial Accountability Officer, showing that the FHP borrows about \$18 billion in the short term and pays back about \$39 billion in the long term.

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## An examination of the convective charging hypothesis Charge.

Nov 21, 2002. Both of these studies produced results that disagree with those to be expected from the convective hypothesis, i.e. a positive charge dipole in the cloud with a negative shell surrounding the core and electric fields sufficient for lightning initiation. The results of Masuelli et al. 1997 differ from these earlier. Efficient energy use, sometimes simply called energy efficiency, is the goal to reduce the amount of energy required to provide products and services. For example, insulating a home allows a building to use less heating and cooling energy to achieve and maintain a comfortable temperature. Installing fluorescent lights, LED lights or natural skylights reduces the amount of energy required to attain the same level of illumination compared with using traditional incandescent light bulbs. Improvements in energy efficiency are generally achieved by adopting a more efficient technology or production process or by application of commonly accepted methods to reduce energy losses. There are many motivations to improve energy efficiency.

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## Hypothesis Test: Proportion

Downloadable! It follows from Hicks' induced innovation hypothesis that rising energy prices in the last two decades should have induced energy-saving innovation. We formulate the hypothesis concretely using a product-characteristics model of energy-using consumer durables, augmenting Hicks' hypothesis to allow for. This experiment was performed to investigate the amount of static electricity in various materials. The experiment was done on hair, polyester, carpet, cotton, nylon and a ceramic tile, using a rubber balloon. Static Electricity Static electricity is created when electric charges accumulate on the surface of a body. These electric charges will remain on the surface until they are discharged by contact with another surface. These atoms have a nucleus containing neutrons and protons while the electrons are positioned outside the nucleus. The ability of an object to hold on to its electron or to release it, is determined by the object’s position in the triboelectric series.

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## Do black holes have 'hair'? New hypothesis challenges 'clean' model -- ScienceDaily

Downloadable with restrictions! This study discusses the various hypotheses associated with the causal relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth along with a survey of the empirical literature. The survey focuses on country coverage, variables selected and model specification, econometric. Is an umbrella term that covers various pseudo-scientific cosmological ideas built around the claim that the formation and existence of various features of the Universe can be better explained by electricity and magnetism than by gravity alone. As a rule, EU is usually touted as an aether-based theory with numerous references to tall tales from mythology. The first are garden-variety physics cranks who are convinced that they have a legitimate, revolutionary scientific theory, and that the scientific establishment is either blindly ignoring them out of misplaced faith in their own theories, or deliberately suppressing them for some greater, nefarious purpose. The second group is composed of various other woo-peddlers who use EU claims to prop up their main ideas (because mainstream physics would blow them apart). For these people, the EU hypothesis is a means to an end, not an end in and of itself. The more common subsets of this group include some Young Earth creationists, who wish to discredit the mainstream cosmology and geology suggesting that Earth is billions of years old, and some of the loonier fringes of global warming denialism (such as Vault-Co), who are trying to find some process outside human control that they can attribute climate change to. The latter particularly like the hypotheses of Pierre-Marie Robitaille. Each year the Electric Universe holds their annual EU conference, where a seemingly endless parade of misguided fools take to the stage and discuss mythology, homeopathy, dipole gravity, and other equally absurd nonsense. The only common thread is the notion that a conspiracy is afoot to suppress their oddball beliefs.

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## Kite Experiment – Benjamin Franklin Historical Society

Before he thought of conducting his experiment by flying a kite, he proposed erecting iron rods into storm clouds to attract electricity from them. He also suggested that the. Collison presented Franklin's hypothesis to the Society who ridiculed and laughed at his idea failing to recognize its significance. A year later when the. 17 October 1978 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences decided to award the 1978 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Dr Peter Mitchell, Glynn Research Laboratories, Bodmin, Cornwall, UK, for his contribution to the understanding of biological energy transfer through the formulation of the chemiosmotic theory. Chemiosmotic Theory of Energy Transfer Introduction Peter Mitchell was born in Mitcham, in the County of Surrey, England, on September 29, 1920. His parents, Christopher Gibbs Mitchell and Kate Beatrice Dorothy (née) Taplin, were very different from each other temperamentally. His mother was a shy and gentle person of very independent thought and action, with strong artistic perceptiveness. Being a rationalist and an atheist, she taught him that he must accept responsibility for his own destiny, and especially for his failings in life. Peter Mitchell was educated at Queens College, Taunton, and at Jesus college, Cambridge.

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## Luigi Galvani and the Theory of Animal Electricity - ThoughtCo

Jan 24, 2018. As the story goes, Galvani one day observed his assistant using a scalpel on a nerve in a frog's leg; when a nearby electric generator created a spark, the frog's leg twitched, prompting Galvani to develop his famous experiment. Galvani spent years testing his hypothesis—that electricity can enter a nerve. Once triggered, the reflex causes a strong contraction of the diaphragm followed about 0.25 second later by closure of the vocal cords, which results in the classic "hic" sound. Hiccups may occur individually, or they may occur in bouts. The rhythm of the hiccup, or the time between hiccups, tends to be relatively constant. A bout of hiccups, in general, resolves itself without intervention, although many home remedies are often used to attempt to shorten the duration. Hiccups are only found in mammals, and are most common in infants, becoming rarer as mammals age. This may suggest that they evolved to allow air trapped in the stomach of suckling infants to escape, allowing more milk to be ingested. The hypothesis suggests that the air bubble in the stomach stimulates the sensory limb of the reflex at receptors in the stomach, esophagus and along the diaphragm. This triggers the hiccup, which creates suction in the chest, pulling air from the stomach up and out through the mouth, effectively burping the animal.

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